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With numbers of coronavirus cases in the U.K. exploding — driven by the highly transmissible omicron variant — the government is leaving open the possibility of soon imposing another round of restrictions, the country’s health secretary said Sunday.

Scientific advisers have warned lawmakers that more action is needed because the surge is threatening to overwhelm the U.K.’s health system, even after the government announced a long-resisted coronavirus contingency plan, earlier this month, urging people to work from home if possible and extending a face-mask mandate.

Over the weekend, Sadiq Khan, London’s mayor, declared a “major incident” — an emergency status that frees up resources — in the capital, and there has been speculation on the possibility of a short-term nationwide lockdown.

Fears of a public health emergency only days before Christmas have coincided with a political crisis for Prime Minister Boris Johnson, deepened by the resignation Saturday of David Frost, the Brexit negotiator and a key ally, who cited his opposition to lockdown measures when he quit. On Sunday, Downing Street announced that the foreign secretary, Liz Truss, would take over Brexit responsibilities.

The timing of Frost’s resignation underscores the acute political perils confronting Johnson as he considers imposing restrictions on Britons for the second Christmas in a row, despite fierce opposition from Frost and many others in his Conservative Party who have objected to the measures on the grounds that they could jeopardize the economy and restrict freedom.

Signs welcome members of the public to the newly-set up Wembley Stadium vaccination center for a mass vaccination event in London on Sunday, as the booster rollout accelerates in England. Despite the U.K. recording around 90,000 new COVID-19 infections in a day the government has so far stopped short of formal limits on socializing as it awaits further evidence of the severity and impact of the new omicron variant. | AFP-JIJI
Signs welcome members of the public to the newly-set up Wembley Stadium vaccination center for a mass vaccination event in London on Sunday, as the booster rollout accelerates in England. Despite the U.K. recording around 90,000 new COVID-19 infections in a day the government has so far stopped short of formal limits on socializing as it awaits further evidence of the severity and impact of the new omicron variant. | AFP-JIJI

While the government has refrained from announcing a lockdown, the health secretary, Sajid Javid, seemed to be priming the public on the possibility when he refused Sunday to rule out the potential for more stringent measures before Saturday.

So far, 85 people confirmed to be infected with omicron have been hospitalized in England, and seven have died, according to data released Saturday by the U.K.’s Health Security Agency, which has been tracking the spread of the variant. A total of 90,418 new COVID-19 cases were reported across the country Saturday after days of record highs, followed by 82,886 on Sunday.

While speaking to the BBC on Sunday morning, Javid acknowledged that there were still many unknowns.

“There are no guarantees in this pandemic,” he said. “At this point, we just have to keep everything under review.”

Javid did not deny speculation the government was considering a two-week “circuit breaker” that could mean curbs on pubs and restaurants, and the government’s emergency committee held a private meeting Sunday with national leaders about the surge in cases. Khan said Sunday that he thought more restrictions were “inevitable.”

But Javid said that if new measures were to be taken imminently, Parliament — which is in recess — would be recalled, raising the prospects of yet more political trouble for Johnson.

A member of the Vaccination Team assists a member of the public at the COVID-19 mass vaccination event inside the newly-set up Wembley Stadium vaccination center in London on Sunday, as the booster rollout accelerates in England. | AFP-JIJI
A member of the Vaccination Team assists a member of the public at the COVID-19 mass vaccination event inside the newly-set up Wembley Stadium vaccination center in London on Sunday, as the booster rollout accelerates in England. | AFP-JIJI

Despite some early indications that the omicron variant may cause a more mild form of COVID-19, Javid said that even a small percentage of hospitalizations within a very large number of overall new infections could overwhelm the health system.

Even before the variant triggered a steep rise in coronavirus cases, the U.K.’s National Health Service was under serious strain — which Javid acknowledged Sunday — and infections among health care workers have led to staffing issues in some hospitals.

Staff absences linked to the coronavirus have risen rapidly even as new admissions of COVID-19 patients are on the rise, wrote Chris Hopson, the chief of NHS Providers, the membership organization for England’s National Health Service staff, in a series of posts on Twitter.

Some hospitals are postponing nonessential services and are “beyond full stretch” as they cope with new cases, staff shortages and the demands to expand vaccine booster programs, he wrote.

Members of the public queue outside the newly-set up Wembley Stadium vaccination center to receive their the COVID-19 vaccine or booster at a mass vaccination event in London on Sunday, as the booster rollout accelerates in England. Despite the U.K. recording around 90,000 new COVID-19 infections in a day, the government has so far stopped short of formal limits on socializing as it awaits further evidence of the severity and impact of the new omicron variant. | AFP-JIJI
Members of the public queue outside the newly-set up Wembley Stadium vaccination center to receive their the COVID-19 vaccine or booster at a mass vaccination event in London on Sunday, as the booster rollout accelerates in England. Despite the U.K. recording around 90,000 new COVID-19 infections in a day, the government has so far stopped short of formal limits on socializing as it awaits further evidence of the severity and impact of the new omicron variant. | AFP-JIJI

Stephen Reicher, a professor of social psychology at the University of St. Andrews and a member of the U.K.’s Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies, which advises the government, said the most effective way to cut down on social contacts and to stem the spread of the variant was through a short-term lockdown.

But, he told Times Radio on Saturday, that after Christmas, “it’s probably too late — it’s probably by then we will have had a huge surge of infections with all the impact upon society.”

Despite the clear risks nationally, the turmoil within Johnson’s Conservative Party complicates the government’s calculations on whether to bow to scientific advice and introduce the types of new restrictions that could slow the spread of the virus.

Though Frost’s resignation letter listed a variety of policy frustrations that are widely shared among a faction of the party, he pointedly warned the government against imposing what he described as “the kind of coercive measures we have seen elsewhere.”

Similar arguments were made by Conservative lawmakers in Parliament on Tuesday, when around 100 rebelled over the introduction of a COVID-19 pass to enter some large events.

That was a warning that the government would most likely face another mutiny if it were to proceed with tighter restrictions.

Though Johnson could probably rely on support from the opposition Labour Party to get Parliament to approve new rules, doing so would further advertise the weakness of a prime minister, whose leadership is being openly questioned.

Wes Streeting, who speaks for the Labour Party on health issues, denounced the Conservatives’ infighting, saying Javid looked like “a hostage to his own party.

“What we saw this week in Parliament, with the huge rebellion of over 100 Conservative MPs on what were actually quite modest measures, tells us that the prime minister has a big problem when it comes to the crisis of confidence in leadership within his own ranks,” he said Sunday on Sky News. “And, crucially, that is impacting on the government’s public health response.”

While the country’s response has been deeply tied to political drama, the steady rise in omicron cases has driven other countries around Europe to take more drastic measures.

On Saturday, the Netherlands became the first on the continent to reimpose a full lockdown, with Dutch leaders ordering the closure of all nonessential shops, bars, restaurants, gyms, sporting and cultural venues and schools from Sunday until mid-January. The country’s national health authority had predicted a sharp increase in hospitalizations and a collapse of the health care system if lockdown measures were not taken.

On Friday, Denmark announced the closure of cinemas, theaters and concert venues after a record number of daily coronavirus infections there, also driven by the new variant. And Ireland, which also recently announced a number of new restrictions, has confirmed that omicron cases now make up the majority of COVID-19 cases nationally.

Unlike some countries reacting to record rates of infections, Germany is already under a number of tight restrictions, including a nationwide rule that allows only the vaccinated or those who have recovered from the coronavirus into restaurants, bars and nonessential shops.

On Saturday, Germany added the U.K. to its list of countries that face travel restrictions — a grouping that includes South Africa and other nations in southern African where the omicron variant is widespread.

Although daily infections have slowly decreased since early December, German authorities are expecting the omicron variant to drive a new wave of infections. Karl Lauterbach, the country’s new health minister, told reporters Friday that a surge was probably inevitable.

“We have to assume that the omicron wave we are facing, which I don’t think we can prevent, will be a massive challenge for our hospitals, for our intensive care units, but also for society as a whole,” said Lauterbach, a medical doctor and a Harvard University-trained epidemiologist.

But while Europe may be facing an acute omicron surge, it is clearly not limited to one region. As Dr. Anthony Fauci, the United States’ top infectious disease expert, said Sunday on NBC’s “Meet the Press,” “It is just raging through the world.”

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