Roh Tae-woo, a former South Korean general who became the country’s first democratically elected president after being forced by massive street protests to hold open polls, has died. He was 88.

The former president died Tuesday at a hospital in Seoul, where he was recently admitted after his health deteriorated.

Roh’s presidency from 1988 to 1993 was marked by historic diplomatic accomplishments that included South Korea’s ascension to the United Nations and marred by massive corruption that culminated with his conviction three years after leaving office.