The Panjshir Valley north of Afghanistan’s capital Kabul is the final major center of resistance to the Taliban, but analysts say the fighters gathered there will struggle if the Islamist hard-liners launch a full-scale attack.

Surrounded by the high peaks of the Hindu Kush north of Kabul, the Panjshir has long had a reputation as a bastion of resistance — legendary military commander Ahmad Shah Massoud successfully defended it during the Soviet-Afghan War and the civil war with the Taliban up to his death in 2001.

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