Honda Motor Co. has boosted its operating income forecast for the full year but gave guidance that missed analyst estimates, leaving investors disappointed as the automaker embarks on an ambitious plan to go all electric by 2040 and make highly autonomous cars a reality.

Operating income for the 12 months ending March should touch ¥780 billion ($7.1 billion), up from previous expectations for ¥660 billion, Honda said in a filing Wednesday. Analysts had been looking for around ¥803 billion.

For the first quarter ended June, Honda reported operating income of ¥243.2 billion — more than double the average analyst estimate of ¥100.8 billion.

Despite spending heavily on research and development, Honda’s high-tech plans haven’t borne much fruit. The Tokyo-based company has struggled to balance being financially savvy while still spending enough to realize its transformation goals.

The operating profit margin for its car unit has improved, but is still relatively low at 3% versus a margin of 15.6% for its motorbike unit. Shares in Honda slipped as much as 1.1%, trimming their advance this year to 23.3%.

“Honda has brand name, good residual value, high market share. Why isn’t it making more profit?” said Takaki Nakanishi, an analyst at Nakanishi Research Institute, prior to Wednesday’s results. “It’s all about inefficiencies.”

Honda plans to rectify that in part by teaming up with bigger carmakers, helping it to fast-track its EV ambitions.

It struck an agreement with General Motors Co. last year to jointly develop two new EVs using GM’s Ultimum battery platform. The relationship is complementary, too, considering Honda’s strength on the east and west coasts of the United States and GM’s strength in the interior.

Strong sales in the U.S. in the most-recent quarter contributed to Honda’s improved profit margin, Kohei Takeuchi, the automaker’s senior managing director, said during an earnings briefing Wednesday.

Chief Executive Officer Toshihiro Mibe, who took the reins in April, also has the right background — on paper at least — to propel Honda to next-generation success.

His engineering qualifications should enable him to lead the shift to EVs considering that if leaders don’t understand the technical side, “it’d be hard to make it work,” according to Takeshi Miyao, managing director at auto consultancy Carnorama.

Honda is also bolstering its in-house expertise in self-driving vehicles by diverting more engineers to the cause. It was the world’s first automaker to unveil a so-called Level 3 car, in March, but so far has only leased about 80 of the 100 Legend units it planned to corporate customers, making a decent return on investment tough.

Mibe has flagged a desire to develop Level 4 cars, but also cautioned that making such technology available in regular passenger vehicles may be some time off.

“We’ve always tackled things that seemed impossible,” Mibe said in an interview with Bloomberg last month, adding that he wants to “be able to look back and think, ‘It was good and meaningful to make that shift’.”

Honda forecast sales of ¥15.5 trillion for the full year, broadly in line with its own expectations for ¥15.2 trillion. For the quarter, sales were ¥3.6 trillion versus a market forecast of ¥3.3 trillion.

Separately Wednesday, Honda said its vehicle sales in China fell 21% year-on-year to 108,139 units in July due to tight supply of spare parts.

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