• Reuters


Scientists Frances Arnold, George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter won the 2018 Nobel Prize in chemistry for research using directed evolution to produce enzymes and antibodies for new chemicals and pharmaceuticals, the award-giving body said on Wednesday.

Arnold — who is only the fifth woman to ever win a Nobel Prize in chemistry — was awarded half of the prize of 9 million Swedish crowns ($1 million), while fellow American Smith and Winter of Britain shared the other half.

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