The Bank of Japan said Gov. Haruhiko Kuroda wasn’t revising the inflation outlook when he said in Davos on Friday that consumer prices are finally moving close to the 2 percent target.
“There are some indications that wages are actually rising, and some prices have already started to rise and even medium to long-term inflation expectations, which have been so weak in the last couple years, are now slightly picking up,” Kuroda, speaking in English, said on a panel at the World Economic Forum in the Swiss ski resort.
“So, there are many factors which made achieving 2 percent inflation target or price stability target so difficult and time-consuming, but I think we are finally close to the target,” he said.
Later, a spokesman for the BOJ said Kuroda’s comment is not different from the central bank’s view stated in the Outlook for Economic Activities and Prices that was released on Jan. 23. Kuroda meant the timing of the CPI reaching the 2 percent target will likely be “around fiscal 2019,” the spokesman said by email.
The yen advanced after Kuroda’s remark, strengthening as much as 1 percent, then pared the gain following the statement from the BOJ spokesman.
“Currency traders are very closely gauging any factor for the yen to gain after the currency has remained relatively weak,” said Masamichi Adachi, a senior economist at JPMorgan Chase & Co. “Kuroda probably thought that his dovish stance has been well understood after he made it crystal clear at a post-meeting press conference this week. I think Kuroda just meant that inflation is improving along with an economic recovery at home and abroad.”
After taking the helm in 2013, Kuroda immediately implemented a record program of monetary stimulus aimed at generating inflation. That helped boost stock prices, corporate profits and the expansion of the economy. However, inflation remains far from the goal, which he initially aimed to hit in about two years. Japan’s core inflation measure, which is what the BOJ targets, rose 0.9 percent in December.
“While consumer-price inflation is likely to increase to our price stability target of 2 percent, the deflationary mindset entrenched among people under prolonged deflation has been more tenacious than expected,” Kuroda said. “Therefore the Bank of Japan will continue to support Japan’s economy and prices by pursuing powerful monetary easing with persistence.”
Kuroda’s comments add to a few recent signs that the BOJ is becoming more confident of having success in the quest to permanently end deflation.
In a small sign of progress this week, the bank said that inflation expectations had stopped falling. In the statement after deciding to keep monetary policy unchanged, the BOJ said inflation expectations were “more or less unchanged,” versus a previous assessment that they were weakening.
However, it also said that risks to prices remain “skewed to the downside” and forecast that CPI would not reach 2 percent until around the fiscal year that begins in April 2019.
And a minority of BOJ policymakers are now raising the need for future discussions on normalizing policy, though they agree that the stimulus program must continue unchanged for some time, according to people familiar with central bank’s discussions.