LIMA – Less than a decade after Peru imprisoned former President Alberto Fujimori, voters will decide on Sunday whether to put his 41-year-old daughter back in the presidential palace, where she once served as his first lady.
Keiko Fujimori has a slight lead over her rival, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, ahead of the runoff vote, helped by her tough stance on crime and years of campaigning in poor villages in the populist style of her right-wing father.
But with pollster Ipsos estimating a fifth of voters tend to remain undecided until election day, Kuczynski, a 77-year-old former investment banker, could stage a late surge.
It is Fujimori’s second bid to become Peru’s first female president. Her critics fear a return to the days when her father ruled the Andean nation by decree, despite her repeated promises to respect the democratic institutions he trampled before his government collapsed in a vast corruption scandal in 2000.
Alberto Fujimori, the son of Japanese immigrants, is serving a 25-year sentence for graft and human rights abuses committed during a crackdown on a bloody leftist insurgency.
“Voting for Fujimori would be legitimizing the dictatorship,” said Eduardo Leon, a 34-year-old restaurant owner who plans to vote for Kuczynski.
Fujimori slipped in two opinion polls after tens of thousands protested her candidacy on Tuesday. The surveys, by Datum and CPI, showed her back in a statistical tie with Kuczynski.
Both candidates are free-market champions who defeated leftist rivals in a crowded April 10 first-round vote as Peru reinforced the recent trend of South American countries turning away from leftwing policies.
Fujimori’s brand of populist conservatism is rooted in her father’s decadelong rule, when leftist guerrillas were crushed and new schools and roads were brought to far-flung towns.
That stands in stark contrast with Kuczynski’s technocratic style.
“As an economist he’s used to numbers and can be frigid in that sense,” said Kuczynski’s running mate, Martin Vizcarra, a former governor of a copper-mining region in southern Peru.
Kuczynski is one of the few high-profile politicians in the global minerals exporting country who is unburdened by corruption and money-laundering allegations. While he is widely viewed as honest and experienced, he is seen as less supportive than Fujimori of the social safety network that millions of poor Peruvians rely on despite nearly two decades of robust economic growth.
Prosecutors in Peru have been investigating potential irregularities in Fujimori’s campaign finances and one of her top aides stepped down last month amid allegations he had links to drug trafficking.
But Fujimori has seized the initiative on the crime issue, the leading voter concern, by backing a proposal to declare a state of emergency in Lima after a wave of homicides.
She also supports the death penalty for rapists of children and has vowed to build prisons high in the Andes to isolate dangerous criminals, a proposal Kuczynski dubbed “cruel.”
“He feels sorry for them, he’s trembling,” Fujimori said mockingly at a campaign rally. “My hand will not waver! I’m going to be firm with criminals!”
The fierce battle between Fujimori and her opponents has overshadowed Kuczynski, who has shied away from direct attacks even as he courted undecided voters.
“Vote for democracy, no blank or spoiled ballots!” Kuczynski said, wagging a finger in a campaign ad.
Fujimori says her father, who named her first lady after he divorced her mother, is innocent of the crimes that made him one of the few world leaders to be imprisoned in his own country. But she has promised not to use presidential powers to free him.
Her supporters say her background would set the bar higher if she became the second Fujimori to rule Peru.
“It’s obvious she wants to clear the family name,” said Hernando de Soto, a high-profile Peruvian economist who has endorsed her. “She’s going to do everything possible to not be authoritarian.”