Japan opened a communication channel with Islamic State in the decisive stages of the recent hostage crisis but was unwilling to use it to start negotiations, according to a Tokyo-based Islamic scholar who served briefly as an intermediary.
Hassan Ko Nakata, 54, whom police suspected was a recruiter for the Islamic State group, was asked by the Foreign Ministry to pass on a message to the group at the peak of the crisis last month, according to Nakata, associates and records reviewed by Reuters.
The request, which had not been previously revealed, shows the government appeared ready at one point to talk to Islamic State to free the two Japanese men who had been captured in Syria for ransom, despite officials’ public vow not to give in to terrorism.
The militants beheaded the two hostages days later after Japan decided to team up with Jordan to deal with the crisis, a move that is now under scrutiny at home.
The decision to work exclusively with Amman, which was also trying to free a Jordanian hostage from the Islamic State group, not only closed communications via Nakata but also effectively ended separate contact that had opened up between the wife of hostage Kenji Goto, 47, and his captors.
“The government sidelined whatever private communication channels there were in place and proved unable to establish effective contact with the militants until the very end,” said Nils Bildt, president of security consultancy CTSS Japan, which has worked for the Japanese government.
Bildt said that may have been a mistake.
The Foreign Ministry’s anti-terrorist task force declined comment on Nakata’s specific allegations.
“The Japanese government took all possible measures and considered all options to deal with the hostage crisis, but I would like to refrain from commenting on specific steps undertaken by the government,” said task force official Takanori Hayashi.
Nakata, who says he no longer supports the Islamic State group, said he became involved in the hostage crisis last September when he went to Syria on his own accord in a failed bid to secure the release of the first hostage to be taken, Haruna Yukawa, a self-styled security consultant.
Goto, a veteran journalist, made a similar mission in late October to free Yukawa but ended up a captive himself.
Shortly after, Goto’s wife, Rinko, received an email from Islamic State representatives and tried to engage in talks with the help of a U.K. security consultancy and people who had worked with Goto in the Middle East, according to four people involved.
Japanese officials had privately told the families of both hostages that the government would not pay a ransom if asked.
Then late last month, after Nakata’s return to Japan from Syria, he said he became an intermediary between the Foreign Ministry and a person he identified as a Chechen fighter with the Islamic State group, Umar Ghuraba, who was based in northern Syria.
“I just wanted to use my connections with the Islamic State to help solve the crisis,” Nakata said.
A former Islamic law professor at Kyoto-based Doshisha University, Nakata converted to Islam in 1979. He had expressed support for Islamic State on Twitter and posed with a gun before the group’s flag. He says he does not support the Islamic State group now but maintains friendships with militants.
On Jan. 21, a day after Islamic State announced a 72-hour deadline to pay $200 million for Goto and Yukawa, officials at Japan’s anti-terrorism task force sent an email to an associate of Nakata, Shiko Ogata, 31.
The email contained a message addressed to Islamic State and a request it be passed on. Email records show Ogata sent it to Nakata.
The message in English and Arabic said: “We strongly urge the group not to harm the two Japanese nationals and to release them immediately.” It did not address the ransom demand.
Nakata said he decided not to forward the message, believing it showed no willingness to talk.
“If I passed this on, it would be like sending a message to kill the hostages,” he said.
The ministry did not follow up with him on the message or the response from Islamic State, Nakata said.
But on Jan. 23, as the ransom demand neared, Nakata received a message from Umar via WhatsApp, a smartphone application. It was just after 4:30 a.m. in Tokyo, 9:30 p.m. in Syria.
“There isn’t much time left. The Islamic State will carry out its promise,” Umar said in a message in Arabic and translated by Nakata. Umar’s identity and his connection to those holding the hostages could not be confirmed.
The militant asked Nakata whether an audio message Umar claimed to have obtained via “negotiation channels” was credible. In it, a man identifies himself as Masayuki Magoshi, a diplomat at the Japanese Embassy in Jordan. Speaking Japanese, he says Japan is “serious” about securing the hostages’ release and states their names and dates of birth.
Reuters could not verify the recording’s authenticity.
“It’s credible,” Nakata wrote back after saying he had called the head of the Foreign Ministry’s anti-terrorism task force to confirm the statement in the middle of the night.
“It’s important that the conditions of the Islamic State are met,” Umar wrote back.
The next day a video purportedly showing a beheaded Yukawa was published online. Goto was killed a week later. Nakata says he never heard back from the anti-terrorism task force. He says he has not been in touch with Umar since.