A 17-year-old Korean girl tortured to death for opposing Japanese colonial rulers nearly a century ago has become the latest touchstone of the nationalism that is shadowing Asia's economic rise.

Yu Gwansun became known as Korea's Joan of Arc after she lost her parents and was imprisoned during a 1919 uprising against Japan's 1910-1945 colonial rule.

South Korean Education Minister Hwang Woo-yea wants to know why she doesn't appear in half of the nation's newly approved high school history textbooks. He's considering putting the government in charge of writing history.