If robots with artificial intelligence prove they can outperform humans, will most jobs currently undertaken by people be done by robots instead?

To find out the answer, Noriko Arai, 51, a mathematician at the National Institute of Informatics, launched the "Can a Robot Get into the University of Tokyo?" project in 2011.

"Unless we find that out, we won't be able to design public policies on any of the subjects — education, the economy, labor or social welfare," she said.