Three months after taking office, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe still enjoys strong public support for his Cabinet while talking of bolder moves to kick-start the ailing economy. But a warning light is flashing on a key issue on his to-do list: election reforms.

The issue of vote-value disparities, or the gap in the value of each vote between the least- and most-populous constituencies, is dominating the political arena, with recent court rulings declaring the imbalances in violation of the Constitution’s guarantee of voter equality.

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