Afghanistan needs books rather than bombs to educate a largely illiterate population that has endured nearly two decades of war, starvation and drought, celebrated Iranian movie director Mohsen Makhmalbaf told a news conference in Tokyo on Friday.

“Afghanistan is a nation that shunned schooling and most media, for its locals for seven years during the Taliban rule,” remarked Makhmalbaf, who directed the widely acclaimed “Kandahar.” “Was the bombing a good thing to change such a situation?”

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