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Sample newspaper article

昨年は地球が観測史上最も暑くなった年だったと、アメリカ政府の2つの機関が1月16日に発表した。アメリカの宇宙機関NASAとアメリカ海洋大気庁の調査は、気候変動は起きており、増加する温室効果ガス排出量を削減するための行動を起こす必要があることを示しているとホワイトハウスは述べた。19世紀に記録を取り始めて以来、最も高温だった10年は1997年以降に発生していることをデータは示している。昨年が最も高温で、2010年を上回った。「ガスの排出は未だに増加しており、この先何年も気温の最高記録更新が予想されるだろう」とニューヨークにあるNASAのゴダード宇宙科学研究所の所長は述べた。 (Jan. 17)

Words and phrases

昨年 (sakunen) last year; 地球 (chikyū) Earth ; 観測史上 (kansoku shijō) on record; 最も暑く (motto-atsu-) hottest; 政府 (seifu) government; 機関 (kikan) agencies; 発表した (happyō-) announced; 海洋大気庁 (Kaiyō Taiki Chō) Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; 調査 (chōsa) studies; 気候変動 (kikōhendō) climate change ; 起きて (o-) happening; 増加する (Zōka-) rising; 温室効果ガス (onshitsukōka gasu) greenhouse gas; 排出量 (haishutsuryō) emissions; 削減する (sakugen-) cut; 行動 (kōdō) action; 必要がある (hitsuyō-) needed; 示して (shime-) showed; 世紀 (seiki) century; 記録 (kiroku) records; 始めて (haji-) began; 以来 (irai) since; 最も高温 (motto-kōon) warmest; 以降 (ikō) since; 発生して (hassei-) occurred; 上回った (uwamawa-) ahead of; 未だに (ima-) still; この先何年も (-saki nan’nen-) in the years to come; 気温 (kion) temperature; 最高記録 (saikō kiroku) record highs; 更新 (kōshin-) renewal; 予想される (yosō-) anticipated; 宇宙科学研究所 (Uchū Kagaku Kenkyūjo) Institute of Space Studies; 所長 (shochō) director

Sample radio or television report

Sakunen-wa chikyū-ga kansoku shijō mottomo atsukunatta toshi dattato, Amerika seifu-no futatsu-no kikan-ga 1-gatsu 16-nichi-ni happyō-shimashita. Amerika-no uchū kikan NASA-to Amerika Kaiyō Taikichō-no chōsa-ni wa, kikōhendō-wa okiteori, zōka-suru onshitsukōka gasu-no haishutsuryō-wo sakugen-suru-tame-no kōdō-wo okosu hitsuyō-ga-arukoto-wo shimeshite-iru-to Howaito Hausu-wa nobemashita. 19-seiki-ni kiroku-wo torihajimete-irai, mottomo kōon-datta 10-nen-wa 1997-nen-ikō-ni hassei-shiteirukoto-wo dēta-wa shimeshite-imasu. “Gasu-no haishutsu-wa imada-ni zōka-shiteori, konosaki nan’nen-mo kion-no saikō kiroku kōshin-ga yosōsaremasu“-to Nyūyōku-ni aru Uchū Kagaku Kenkyūjo-no shochō-wa nobemashita.

Translation

Last year was Earth’s hottest on record, two U.S. government agencies said Jan. 16. The White House said the studies, by the space agency NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, showed climate change is happening now and that action is needed to cut rising greenhouse gas emissions. The data showed that the 10 warmest years since records began in the 19th century had occurred since 1997. Last year was warmest, ahead of 2010. “Gas emissions are still rising, so we may anticipate further record highs in the years to come,” said director of NASA’s Goddard Institute of Space Studies in New York.

A conversation between acquaintances

A: Sakunen-wa chikyū-ga kansoku shijō mottomo atsukunatta toshi datta-to Amerika-no seifu kikan-ga happyō-shita sō-desu-ne.

(I heard that American government agencies announced that last year was Earth’s hottest on record.)

B: Onshitsukōka gasu-wo sakugen-suru hitsuyō-ga arimasu-ne.

(Apparently, we need to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.)

A conversation between a husband and wife

H: Onshitsu kōka gasu-ga zōka-shite-irunode, konosaki nan’nen-mo kion-no saikō kiroku kōshin-ga yosōsareru sō-da.

(We may anticipate further record highs in the years to come due to rising greenhouse gas emissions.)

W: Kotoshi-mo atsui natsu-ni narisō-ne.

(I’m afraid that we will have hot summer this year, as well.)

(No. 1243)

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