Last year's release of "Blade Runner 2049" and this year's Netflix series "Altered Carbon" have rekindled interest in the futuristic cyberpunk aesthetic, though those works were decidedly more "cyber" and less "punk."

Punk is meant to be raw, gritty — easily identifiable as do-it-yourself. The polished sheen with which "Blade Runner 2049" was presented was visually stunning, but there's something rebellious in imperfection.

Cyberpunk took on a somewhat different form in Japan with more body horror elements, and much of it was influenced by filmmaker Gakuryu Ishii, who until 2010 was known as Sogo Ishii.