Last weekend marked 20 years since the attacks on the United States that launched the “Global War on Terror.” During that time, there have been not just two invasions, but also a global financial crisis, a pandemic and a foundational shift in relations among the world’s leading powers.

While former Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai, might encourage caution in drawing conclusions, two decades seem to be sufficient time to try to distill some lessons from this tumultuous chapter in world history.

Unable to view this article?

This could be due to a conflict with your ad-blocking or security software.

Please add japantimes.co.jp and piano.io to your list of allowed sites.

If this does not resolve the issue or you are unable to add the domains to your allowlist, please see out this support page.

We humbly apologize for the inconvenience.

In a time of both misinformation and too much information, quality journalism is more crucial than ever.
By subscribing, you can help us get the story right.