The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was one of the most successful and effective international institutions of the 20th century.

Constructed as a brilliant compromise between voluntary association and collective endeavour it succeeded beyond all expectations in keeping the world free from tyrannical communist encroachment by the then Soviet Union, and in the end presided at the collapse of the whole Soviet empire and the return of many captive nations to freedom.

Unable to view this article?

This could be due to a conflict with your ad-blocking or security software.

Please add japantimes.co.jp and piano.io to your list of allowed sites.

If this does not resolve the issue or you are unable to add the domains to your allowlist, please see out this support page.

We humbly apologize for the inconvenience.

In a time of both misinformation and too much information, quality journalism is more crucial than ever.
By subscribing, you can help us get the story right.