Words and phrases

新型(しんがた)コロナウイルス novel coronavirus

感染 (かんせん) infection

拡大(かくだい)する to spread

〜中 (なか) amid ~

日本人 (にほんじん) Japanese

マスク face mask

着(つ)ける to wear

動機 (どうき) motive, incentive

怖(こわ)い scary

〜でも…でもない neither 〜 nor …

他(ほか)の other

人 (ひと) person, people

守(まも)る to protect

みんな everyone

〜から because ~

同志社大 (どうししゃだい) Doshisha University

中谷内一也 (なかやちかずや) Kazuya Nakayachi

教授 (きょうじゅ) professor

社会心理学 (しゃかいしんりがく) social psychology

〜ら ~ and others

チーム team

11日 (じゅういちにち) the 11th

〜までに by ~

インターネット internet

行(おこな)う to carry out, to execute

アンケート survey

〜から from ~

こんな this kind, such

結果 (けっか) result

まとめる to compile, to conclude

感染者 (かんせんしゃ) infected person

増加 (ぞうか) increase

続(つづ)く to continue

3月下旬 (さんがつげじゅん) late March

年齢 (ねんれい) age

居住地 (きょじゅうち) place of residence

など and others

構成 (こうせい) composition, amalgamation

日本 (にほん) Japan

縮図 (しゅくず) microcosm

〜となるよう so as to 〜

千人 (せんにん) 1,000 people

選(えら)ぶ to choose

着用 (ちゃくよう) wearing

理由 (りゆう) reason

頻度(ひんど) frequency

尋(たず)ねる to inquire

〜すると…になる will be … if 〜

症状 (しょうじょう) symptom

深刻 (しんこく) grave

結(むす)び付(つ)き connection

強(つよ)さ strength

解析(かいせき)する to analyze

断(だん)トツ far and away the best

他人 (たにん) other person

防止 (ぼうし) prevention

ほぼ〜ない hardly ~

関係 (かんけい) relation

Quick questions

1) アンケートによると、日本人がマスクを着ける動機は何ですか?

2) チームは何を解析しましたか?

3) マスク着用の頻度とほぼ関係がなかったのはどのような理由ですか?


Amid the spread of infection from the novel coronavirus, the (primary) motive for Japanese to wear face masks, is neither a fear of infection nor to protect other people, (but) “because everyone is wearing (one).” A team led by Doshisha University professor Kazuya Nakayachi (social psychology), among others, concluded these kinds of findings based on an internet survey carried out until Aug. 11.

As the (number of) infected people continued to increase in late March, the team chose 1,000 people who, by an amalgamation of such (characteristics) as age and place of residence, became like a microcosm of Japan, and enquired the reasons behind, and frequency of, (their) wearing masks.

Upon analysis of the strong correlation between reasons such as “the situation becoming grave if there is infection” and frequency of wearing, “because people are wearing them” came out on top (as the strongest correlation). There was next to no correlation with “prevention of infection to others.”


1) According to the survey, what was the (primary) motive for Japanese people to wear face masks?


Because everyone is wearing (them).

2) What did the team analyze?


The strength of correlation between the reasons to wear masks and the frequency of wearing them.

3) What kind of (stated) reason had almost no relation to the frequency of (people) wearing masks?


The prevention of infection to others.

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