Online letters of protest were filled out. A group of nearly 70 civic organizations from around the world delivered a formal letter of disapproval to Justice Minister Kunio Hatoyama. Protesters gathered outside the Justice Ministry and thrust an inflated 3-meter-high yellow hand with an extended forefinger toward the building. Hands were clenched in fists of rage.

The angry, frustrated, and disfranchised shouted in unison. They shouted again. And again.

And at ports across the country, most non-Japanese were fingerprinted and photographed — over and over again.