Experts say the controversy shows how Japan's government has been relying on impromptu steps, in the absence of an adequate legal framework for addressing pandemics.
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The figures reflect the global economic recovery from the slump caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a report by the Finance Ministry.
It's unclear if the initiative will be widely accepted, with both the labor and management side voicing concerns about potential unwanted outcomes.
Demand for auto-related Japanese products was especially strong from the United States, a ministry official told reporters.
The rate for April climbed from 2.6% seen in March, but it was lower than 2.9% registered in February.
Space exploration firm ispace will also provide communications and power during the journey and on the lunar surface.
The company plans to reuse the plastic waste for making plastic products, including Gundam models, as well as for thermal power generation.
The unemployment rate was also up for the first time in 11 years, reflecting the serious impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, government data shows.
GDP data for January to March is scheduled to be released next month, but economists are already pessimistic enough to forecast a contraction in the world's No. 3 economy.
The job-to-applicant ratio worsened to 1.09 from 1.10 in January, according to the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry, meaning that there were 109 job openings for every 100 job seekers.