Biden had hoped enactment of the legislation would clean up the energy sector, which produces about one-quarter of greenhouse gases in the U.S.
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Despite a growing acceptance of the reality of climate change, lawmakers have not thrown their support behind policies aimed at phasing out fossil fuels.
The president will commit the United States to deep cuts in emissions at an Earth Day summit meeting that starts on Thursday, according to people familiar with the plan.
What may well stand in the U.S. president’s way is political intransigence from senators from fossil-fuel states in both parties.
The moves represent a first step in healing one of the deepest rifts between the United States and the rest of the world after Trump defiantly rejected the Paris pact.
Greenhouse pollution accumulates in the atmosphere, so the heat-trapping gases emitted as a result of loosened regulations will remain for decades, regardless of policy shifts.