Japan and Russia: Sharing a view of the West

History | THE LIVING PAST Sep 19, 2020

Japan and Russia: Sharing a view of the West

by Michael Hoffman

There are striking affinities between Japan and Russia, noticeable even before either country was fully aware of the other. Both were backward by 19th-century European standards — economically, industrially, scientifically. Both felt it keenly, and responded similarly. Two clashing factions arose in each country — ...