Holding global warming to a temperature rise of 2 degrees Celsius — the cornerstone of an expected new global climate agreement in December — will fail to prevent many of climate change's worst impacts, a group of scientists and other experts have warned.

With a 2-degree temperature hike, small islands in the Pacific may become uninhabitable, weather-related disasters will become more frequent, workers in many parts of the world will face sweltering conditions and large numbers of people will be displaced, particularly in coastal cities, the experts warned.

The 2-degree goal is "inadequate, posing serious threats for fundamental human rights, labor and migration and displacement," the experts said in a series of reports commissioned by the Climate Vulnerable Forum, a group of 20 countries chaired by the Philippines.