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An advisory panel does not recommend Japan and Germany as permanent membership candidates of the U.N. Security Council in its draft report, a source said Thursday.

The report, compiled by a U.N. advisory panel on Security Council reform, will be submitted to U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan in December.

The panel is unlikely to make major revisions to the draft and the two countries are unlikely to be named in a final report, the source said.

“The panel does not intend at all to propose increasing the number of permanent members or creating new members with veto power,” the source said.

The report represents a setback for Japan, which has stepped up its efforts to obtain permanent membership. It was elected as a nonpermanent member of the Security Council last week for a two-year term beginning in January.

Instead of expanding the Security Council, the advisory panel recommends establishing a new group made up of five to eight nations representing each continent, with the group positioned between permanent and nonpermanent members, the source said.

Members of the new group would serve terms of four to five years, and they would not be given veto power, the source said.

The panel does not name any specific countries for the new group in the draft, but it apparently envisions Japan and Germany being included, according to the source.

Japan keeps trying

NEW YORK (Kyodo) In its latest move to get a permanent seat on the U.N. Security Council, Japan plans to submit a resolution to the United Nations within the first half of 2005 recommending the General Assembly amend the U.N. Charter, a Japanese diplomat said Wednesday.

The Japanese government plans to press the 191-member world body to change Article 23 of the charter, which specifies that the Security Council consist of five permanent and 10 nonpermanent members.

Shinichi Kitaoka, Japan’s deputy ambassador to the United Nations, said that to expand the Security Council it is first necessary to change the charter.

“If we can change the charter, then there is a chance,” for a permanent council seat, Kitaoka said. “The expectation for Japan is really high. The reason why Japan is unable to join is a technicality.”

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