A Japanese-initiated international panel began on Sunday its two-day final meeting on human security.

At issue is the protection of the “vital core” of human lives and the realization of human potential. The panel aims to propose to the international community a plan to strengthen human security.

The 12-member commission will discuss ways to advance the process of protecting people from problems related to conflict, poverty, infectious disease, terrorism and human rights violations, commission members said.

The commission is scheduled to conclude the meeting Monday with the adoption of an action plan emphasizing the importance of converging expertise on issues concerning security, human rights and development, they said.

The program aims to present a comprehensive approach to deal with conflicts and development, which have been dealt with separately rather than jointly, according to the officials.

Cochairing the meeting are Sadako Ogata — former U.N. high commissioner for refugees and special representative for Afghan assistance — and Amartya Sen — winner of the 1998 Nobel Prize in economics and master of Cambridge University’s Trinity College.

The program and details of the commission’s meeting are scheduled to be made public at an international symposium on human security to be held in Tokyo on Tuesday, according to the officials. Ogata and Sen are also scheduled to attend the symposium.

Ogata and Sen plan to submit the program to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi and U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan in the near future, the officials said.

The Commission on Human Security was established after a January 2001 meeting between Annan and Ogata in Tokyo in response to Japan’s request during the U.N. Millennium Summit in September 2000.

The concept of human security arose to deal with transnational issues, such as infectious diseases and environmental problems. Another concern is the involuntary movement of people, including refugees and internally displaced people, due to regional conflicts and economic factors, they said.

Human security is aimed at complementing traditional national security, according to the officials.

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