• Kyodo


A British World War I hero worked as an agent for Japan’s espionage service between 1933 and 1941 as Tokyo prepared for war with the United States, according to security service files recently released by the British government.

Fredrick Joseph Rutland worked for Japanese intelligence services while living in Britain and Los Angeles, and was paid around 3,000 British pounds (in 1930s prices) per annum, according to the declassified documents.

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