Gajuku, art schools for painters in Japan, played a vital role in the cultivation of Kyoto's modern art industry. Some gajuku were run privately by experienced painters, while others served as places where highly motivated, like-minded artists could get together and practice their skills.

This exhibition highlights the historical importance of such schools, with a particular emphasis on those established before the beginning of World War II. Featured gajuku proprietors include Seiho Takeuchi (1864-1942), Shunkyo Yamamoto (1872-1933), and Goun Nishimura (1877-1938); till Nov. 25.

Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art; (075) 771-4107; Okazaki Park, 124, Enshoji-cho, Okazaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto; Higashiyama Station, Tozai Line. 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. ¥ 500. Closed Mon.