China on Nov. 23 set up an air defense identification zone (ADIZ) over a section of the East China Sea that includes Japan’s Senkaku Islands, which China also claims. This act is a dangerous provocation to Japan and the United States since the ADIZ overlaps Japan’s air zone and violates Japan’s territorial right over the islands. Given this situation, the Japanese government had no choice but to strongly protest to China and demand that Beijing scrap its ADIZ.

First and foremost, China should stop its provocative acts concerning the Senkakus, including intrusions into Japanese territorial waters around the islands. But Japan, for its part, must deal with the situation in a cool-headed manner. Self-restraint on both sides is vital to avoid an accidental military clash.

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