Regarding the Dec. 11 editorial “Hawkish approach won’t help“: It is beyond my ability to imagine how diplomacy can deter China from expanding its empire. Since 1949 the Chinese (under Mao Zedong as well as Chiang Kai-shek) have occupied one piece of territory after another: Tibet, east Turkistan, east Mongolia, Manchuria, Formosa, and demanded parts of India, Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia, Russia, Burma and Thailand.

If a country refused to surrender to China, war was the result — such as the war between India and China in 1962, the Sino-Soviet border conflict in 1969, and the Sino-Vietnamese war of 1979.

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