Almost 9 million children die every year before the age of 5 — or nearly one child every three seconds. Just under 4 million of these children die within their first month, nearly 3 million of them die within the first week and nearly 2 million of them die on their first day of life.

These are just a few of the sobering statistics in a new report released last month by the international organization Save the Children titled “The Next Revolution: Giving Every Child the Chance to Survive.” Although progress is being made — in 2006 the annual under-5 mortality fell below 10 million for the first time since record-keeping began and the figure dropped to 8.8 million last year — the international community must not allow its efforts to flag in the struggle to save children’s lives.

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