To rectify Japan’s impractical limits on joining U.N. peacekeeping operations (PKO), Foreign Minister Katsuya Okada has called for a review of Japan’s five-point principle on PKO participation.

The principle, incorporated in the 1992 PKO law, states that PKO participation should be contingent on: (1) existence of a ceasefire agreement between parties to a conflict, (2) agreement by the parties concerned, including the country where a PKO is carried out, on Japan’s participation, (3) the strictly neutral stance of the PKO being carried out, (4) immediate withdrawal if any of these conditions is not met, and (5) the rule that weapons will be used only in self-defense.

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