In 2005, the Diet enacted the basic law on education on eating habits (shokuiku) to promote healthful eating habits. This move came against the backdrop of a deterioration in the country’s dietary culture, which traditionally has been considered well-balanced and healthy.

With the postwar economic boom came changes in people’s lifestyles and eating habits, resulting in irregular meals, nutritional deficiencies, obesity, lifestyle-related illnesses such as diabetes, extreme dieting and large-scale food wastage.

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