NEW YORK — So, why did he do it? What led U.S. President-elect Barack Obama to tap his former adversary, Sen. Hillary Clinton, to serve as his secretary of state, the face and voice of his foreign policy, his emissary to the world?

There are plenty of plausible explanations. One can imagine that he is applying that old adage, “Keep your friends close and your enemies closer.” In one stroke, Obama gets control of the Clinton political machine: the network, the donors and the constituency. And he neutralizes the Clintons’ famous skill at corrosive sniping and flamboyant stage-hogging — the kind that led Al Gore and Bill Clinton to be on barely speaking terms during the 2000 presidential campaign. With this appointment, Obama turns the big guns away from himself — and directs them outward. Shrewd tactics.

One can also imagine that he did it to secure the women’s vote. Not a single Democrat has won the White House without a substantial gender gap. But the exit polls and the data all show that Obama already has the support of a disproportionate share of American women. (The real news in his victory was that he got a chunk of white men, who rarely support a Democrat.)

Indeed, there is plenty of evidence to suggest that Obama — the son of a strong single mother, raised also by an influential grandmother, man enough to marry an accomplished woman with opinions of her own, and a devoted father of two girls — understands in a whole new way how to draw and keep women. He recognizes that women will adore you when you include them as a matter of course.

Obama is surrounding himself with accomplished female advisers without calling condescending attention to that fact. If you are a woman watching, you feel in your gut that these women won’t be window dressing. They may succeed or fail; but they are really in the game.

But I don’t think any of those reasons, however compelling each one is, provide the strongest explanation of why Obama chose Hillary. I think he chose her because he understands that, even as president of the United States, he is truly a citizen of a global community — one to which he is accountable and with which he is in an interdependent relationship. One of Clinton’s much-overlooked strengths is that she understands that, too — and has demonstrated that she knows what it means.

There is plenty in her experience as First Lady that she has hyped. But one of her undeniable accomplishments, perhaps more important than anything else she did during that time, was the set of global journeys that she undertook on behalf of women’s issues.

She surrounded herself with extremely well-informed advisers who specialized in such important issues as women’s critical role in the developing world in raising educational levels, managing population growth, containing environmental degradation, and building up microcredit economies.

She journeyed to Africa and to the Indian subcontinent, and spoke forcefully at the Beijing conference that brought women leaders together from around the world. The world’s top development experts now agree that resolving many of today’s cultural, environmental, resource-driven conflicts requires educating and investing in women, as she advocated.

But what distinguishes Clinton from Madeleine Albright or Condoleezza Rice is where she was willing to go for her education. She did not stay in the air-conditioned hotels and the parliamentary chambers of the nations she visited; she went to tiny impoverished villages, to places where women walk six kilometers a day for water, to places where women were basing their families’ prosperity on a $20 loan for a sewing machine. She sat on mud floors and sandy village commons to hear from these communities about their issues and priorities, and she took on controversial and culturally sensitive subjects, such as female genital mutilation and bride burning.

Yet the respect she showed for the various cultures and people whom she was engaging did a great deal to allow such challenges to move forward without bitterness, and in a spirit of real dialogue. Hillary Clinton is adored by many women in the developing world for those journeys, and I am certain that they taught her crucial lessons about global policy — lessons that built up a worldview that Obama, a child of international experiences, also shares.

In that view of the world, America does not stand alone against all others, issuing fiats and focusing narrowly on corporate profits. Rather, cooperating with other international leaders, America tries to solve the world’s true problems: environmental degradation, resource shortages, inadequate literacy, and the appalling poverty in which the “‘bottom billion” live.

Obama understands, as I believe Clinton understands, that resolving those crises is the true key to matters of war and peace — the true marker of the possibility of international alliances. I believe that Obama knows that Clinton realizes that conflict emerges from these problems, and that using military intervention without addressing them is merely the equivalent of throwing a blanket into a volcano.

America’s president-elect may even understand that his choice for secretary of state learned to look at statecraft and global policy in that way by sitting with and listening to a formerly dirt-poor woman in a sari in a dusty village commons — a woman who has now become a small-scale microcredit entrepreneur, and is helping to educate and feed her family. It would be most impressive of all if he understood that that education was at least as important as what she — along with the boys — learned at Yale.

Naomi Wolf, the author of “The End of America: Letter of Warning to a Young Patriot” and “Give Me Liberty: A Handbook for American Revolutionaries,” is cofounder of the American Freedom Campaign, a U.S. democracy movement. © 2008 Project Syndicate

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