• Bloomberg


As local governments race to reclaim land ahead of a looming restructuring of China Evergrande Group, a wrecking ball headed for 39 apartment blocks on a tropical island at China's southern tip poses the latest threat for the embattled developer.

The government of Danzhou, a city in the province of Hainan, has asked Evergrande to tear down what it says are illegal buildings within 10 days. The order was signed Dec. 30, meaning the company could start demolition work on the near-complete condos by Jan. 9.

The Hainan order is among the most extreme in a spate of government actions to seize Evergande’s property and land holdings, underscoring risks to its most-prized assets as the firm prepares for what could be the largest restructuring ever in China.

In recent months, at least 11 land parcels have been targeted for confiscation by local authorities, for reasons ranging from idle projects to missing fee payments.

As more officials across China rush to take control of Evergrande assets before a potential court-led restructuring that would constrain their power, it’s making it more difficult for creditors to gauge the true state of the developer’s financial health. Understanding the value of Evergrande’s land and unfinished projects is key to determining whether the company's bonds are worth buying at prices of about 15 cents on the dollar.

"Evergrande may have lost the last chance to sell its land bank for cash,” said Bloomberg Intelligence analyst Patrick Wong.

Evergrande applied for a reconsideration of the order on Tuesday, Jiemian.com reported Wednesday, citing an unidentified official at the city government. Danzhou’s press office and Evergrande declined to comment. The developer had said Tuesday that it would "proactively” handle the case in accordance with the order.

Real estate firms typically buy or lease land from local governments, making property a key source of revenue for China’s biggest cities.

The China Evergrande Group logo at its headquarters in Shenzhen in September 2021 | REUTERS
The China Evergrande Group logo at its headquarters in Shenzhen in September 2021 | REUTERS

In mid-December, local authorities in the western city of Chengdu said they planned to confiscate two land sites from Evergrande without compensation, saying the land had remained idle after being purchased in 2010 and 2011. The projects were meant to be residential complexes with a combined investment of at least 4.9 billion yuan ($770 million).

The move follows a similar seizure of eight land plots in southern Haikou city days earlier, six of which were part of a sprawling land portfolio Evergrande bought from New World Development Co. in 2015.

In September, Anqing city in central Anhui province took back parcels for a mixed-used Central Park project that Evergrande purchased for 877 million yuan but on which it had failed to pay land fees.

In other regions, governments haven taken charge of Evergrande’s projects to reduce risk and guarantee delivery of homes to buyers, according to people familiar with the matter. Officials are concerned that if a court-led restructuring of Evergrande is announced, it will become harder for them to reclaim the land, the people said.

Evergrande is among the largest land holders in China, with 778 projects across 233 cities. The assets cover 214 million square meters, with an original value of 456.8 billion yuan, according to a company filing as of June.

The $25 billion project in Hainan stands out for its sheer size and because the apartments are so close to completion, packed together on a dusty, treeless archipelago jutting into Danzhou Bay. The housing complex covers a floor area of 435,000 square meters (4.7 million square feet), or enough to almost fill the office space in New York’s Empire State Building twice over.

When it kicked off in 2010, the Danzhou government billed the project as a way to transform the small city into a global convention center and tourism hot spot. They envisioned the artificial islands in the South China Sea, modeled after Dubai’s Palm Islands, generating more than 100,000 jobs and housing 134,100 residents and visitors by 2030.

Hainan is known as China’s "Hawaii” for its tropical climate and mountainous terrain, along with its array of golf courses and beaches. As the southernmost point in China, it’s closer to the Vietnam coast than to Hong Kong — or Evergrande’s base in Shenzhen.

Unfinished apartment buildings at the construction site of a China Evergrande Group development in Wuhan, China, in December 2021 | BLOOMBERG
Unfinished apartment buildings at the construction site of a China Evergrande Group development in Wuhan, China, in December 2021 | BLOOMBERG

Evergrande says it began construction on the Ocean Flower Island project in 2015, and has invested 81 billion yuan so far — about half of the 160 billion yuan total budget.

However, the project has faced several roadblocks in recent years.

An inspection in 2017 found some land parcels tied to the reclaimed islands ran afoul of environmental rules. And Danzhou’s former mayor, Zhang Qi, backed the project but was later arrested and sentenced, in 2020, to life in prison over bribery charges tied to development projects.

Construction has been stalled since October 2020 and now the city is claiming the project is illegal, given the environmental concerns over the impact on nearby coral reefs and pearl oyster beds.

Evergrande has said that the tear-down order doesn’t affect the remainder of the development, where 60,567 apartments have been delivered to buyers and another 628 units are on the way. A two-bedroom condo in the complex was recently marketed at about $160,000.

The Hainan demolition order may heighten investor concerns that policymakers are unlikely to ease their crackdown on indebted property firms like Evergrande, even as they take steps to ensure stronger developers retain access to funding. The world’s most indebted developer, saddled with $300 billion in liabilities, was declared in default last month by ratings companies after failing to make coupon payments on its debt.

"Even though the Hainan project isn’t a significant one in its countrywide strategy, it will have a big impact on confidence,” said Kenny Ng, strategist at Everbright Sun Hung Kai Co.

Evergrande’s property sales, meanwhile, continue to plunge. China’s third-largest developer by sales recorded a 99% decline year on year last month, the steepest among 31 listed developers tracked by Citigroup Inc. analysts. That’s a 7% drop versus November.

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