Australia’s competition regulator has raised concerns over an $11 billion deal by Anheuser-Busch InBev to sell its local operations to Japan’s Asahi Group Holdings Ltd., dealing a blow to the world’s largest brewer’s efforts to cut debt.
The Belgium-based brewer, weighed down with some $100 billion net debt after its 2016 acquisition of rival SABMiller, has been selling assets and took its Asian business public this year to reduce debt and focus on other fast-growing markets.
It had hoped to close the sale of Carlton & United Breweries (CUB) to Asahi in the first quarter of 2020 and use the bulk of the proceeds to cut debt.
But in a preliminary view, the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) said that the deal would reduce competition in the cider market and may also do so in the beer market. The commission said it would make a final decision in March.
“The proposed acquisition would combine the two largest suppliers of cider in a highly concentrated market,” it said, stating that the combined business would control about two thirds of cider sales.
It also said Asahi may act as a competitive constraint on the two largest beer brewers — CUB and Lion — and has “the potential to be an even bigger threat in (the) future.”
“Because of these concerns, it is unlikely that the deal will get passed. Asahi and AB InBev have to negotiate the price again,” said Jeanie Chen, a senior equity analyst at Morningstar. She added that Asahi may need to divest its cider business or AB InBev would need to find another buyer.
CUB said it had nothing to add. An Asahi spokesman said the company was not planning any changes for now, and would continue providing regulators with information.
Shares in Asahi fell 1.6 percent Thursday to a three-month low, lagging the broader Japan market’s 0.2 percent rise.
The deal would turn Asahi into the world’s third biggest brewer after AB InBev and Heineken .
It would also gain leading Australian beer Victoria Bitter, placing it in more direct competition there with Japanese rival Kirin, which produces the XXXX Gold brand through its Lion subsidiary.
Asahi, whose beer brands include Asahi Super Dry and Peroni, is the second largest supplier of premium international beers in Australia.
ACCC has invited submissions from interested parties by Jan. 22 and plans to issue a final decision on March 19.
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