The rising optimism reported by the nation’s large manufacturers in the last quarter has ground to a halt, according to a key business sentiment survey released Wednesday by the Bank of Japan, fueling concerns that the nation’s main engine of recovery is running out of steam.

According to the BOJ’s quarterly “tankan” survey, the diffusion index — the percentage of companies that believe business is favorable minus those that feel the opposite — stalled at 10 percentage points for large manufacturers after rising for seven consecutive quarters.

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