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Sample newspaper article

ドイツ人は今年、記録的な難民の流入に直面する中、クリスマスの ための支出を減らし、その代わりに寄付をする傾向があるという調査 結果が、11月27日に発表された。市場調査グループのGfKによると、今年のクリスマスプレゼントに対する支出は平均274ユーロ(約35,600円)で、昨年を4%下回る。一方、今年の1月から9月までに行われた寄付は、前年比約14%増加した。調査会社のアナリストは「主に9月以降からの難民の大量流入が(寄付増加傾向の)要因であることは 明らかだ」と述べた。寄付をするトレンドは特に30才くらいの人に強く、プレゼントには24ユーロ(3,100円)減額で寄付は63ユーロ (8,200円)増額と予想されている。 (Nov. 28)

Words and phrases

ドイツ人 (Doitsujin) Germans; 今年 (kotoshi) this year; 記録的な (kirokuteki-) a record; 難民 (nanmin) refugees; 流入 (ryūnyū) influx; 直面する (chokumen-) face; クリスマス (Kurisumasu) Christmas; 支出を減らし (shishutsu-he-) spend less; 代わりに (ka-) instead; 寄付をする (kifu-) open their wallets to charities; 傾向がある (keikō-) tend to; 調査結果 (chōsa kekka) study results; 発表された (happyō-) announced; 平均 (heikin) on average; パーセント (pāsento) percent; 下回る (shitamawa-) less; 一方 (ippō) in the meantime; 寄付 (kifu) donations; 前年比 (zennenhi) compared with last year; 増加した (zōka-) increased; アナリスト (anarisuto) analyst; 以降 (ikō) since; 大量 (tairyō-) large; 要因で ある (yōin-) due to; 明らか (aki-) clear; 述べた (no-) said; トレンド (torendo) trend; 特に (toku-) particularly; 強く (tsuyo-) strong; 予想され (yosō-) expected to

Sample radio or television report

Doitsujin-wa kotoshi, kirokuteki-na nanmin-no ryūnyū-ni chokumen-suru-naka, Kurisumasu-no tame-no shishutsu-o herashi, sono-kawari-ni kifu-o suru keikō-ga aru-to-iu chōsa kekka-ga 11-gatsu 27-nichi-ni happyō-saremashita. Shijō chōsa gurūpu-no Giiefukei-ni yorimasu-to, kotoshi-no Kurisumasu purezento-ni tai-suru shishutsu-wa heikin 274-yūro (yaku 35,600-en) de sakunen-o 4-pāsento shitamawarimasu. Ippō, kotoshi-no 1-gatsu kara 9-gatsu made-ni okonawareta kifu-wa, zennenhi yaku 14-pāsento zōka-shimashita. Chōsa gaisha-no anarisuto-wa “Omo-ni 9-gatsu-ikō kara-no nanmin-no tairyō ryūnyū-ga kifu zōka keikō-no yōin-de aru-koto-wa akiraka-desu”-to nobemashita. Kifu-o suru torendo-wa toku-ni 30-sai kurai-no hito-ni tsuyoku, purezento-ni-wa 24-yūro (3,100-en) gengaku-de kifu-wa 63-yūro (8,200-en) zōgaku-to yosō-sarete-imasu.

Translation

Germans are expected to spend less on Christmas presents this year and will instead open their wallets to charities as the country faces a record influx of refugees, a study showed on Nov. 27. The GfK market research institute said Germans will on average spend €274 (around ¥35,600) on Christmas presents this year — 4 percent less than in 2014. In the meantime, Germans are giving more to charity: In the first nine months of the year, donations increased by nearly 14 percent compared with those of last year. “This is clearly due to the large influx of refugees who have arrived in Germany mainly since September,” said an analyst at the institute. The charitable trend was particularly strong among those aged around 30. This group expected to spend €24 (¥3,100) less on presents but increase their donations by €63 (¥8,200) this year.

Conversation between acquaintances

A: Doitsujin-wa kotoshi, Kurisumasu purezento-no tame-no shishutsu-o herasu keikō-ga aru sō-desu-ne.

(I heard that Germans are likely to spend less on Christmas presents this year.)

B: Sono-kawari nanmin-no tame-ni kifu-o fuyasu sō-desu-yo.

(It seems that they will increase donations toward refugees instead.)

Conversation between husband and wife

H: Doitsu-de-wa kifu-o suru torendo-wa toku-ni 30-sai kurai-no hito-ni tsuyoi-rashii.

(In Germany, the charitable trend seems to be particularly strong among those aged around 30.)

W: Nihon-no wakamono-mo minarawanakuccha-ne.

(Japan’s young people should follow their example.)

(No. 1286)

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