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Sample newspaper article

フランス議会は5月21日、大手スーパーマーケットでの食品廃棄の禁止を全会一致で可決した。とりわけ、売れ残った食品の廃棄処分を違法とする。新法のもとでは、スーパーは食品廃棄を防ぐ対策を取らなければならなくなり、売れ残った食品のうちまだ食べられるものについては、慈善団体に寄付するか、家畜の飼料、もしくは農業用堆肥として使用することが義務付けられる。すべての大型スーパーは、食品の寄付を行っている慈善団体と契約を結ばなければならない。フランス人は、1人あたり年間20キロから30キロの食品を捨てており、そのコストは年間200億ユーロと推定される。仏政府は2025年までに食品廃棄量の半減を目指している。 (May 22)

Words and phrases

フランス議会 (Furansu gikai) France’s parliament; 大手 (ōte) big; 食品廃棄 (shokuhin haiki) food waste; 禁止 (kinshi) ban; 全会一致で (zenkai icchi-) unanimously; 可決した (kaketsu-) voted; とりわけ notably; 売れ残った (u-nokot-) unsold; 廃棄処分 (haiki shobun) destruction; 違法とした (ihō-) outlawing ; 新法 (shinpō) new legislation; 防ぐ (fuse-) prevent; 対策を取る (taisaku-to-) take measures; まだ食べられる (-ta-) still edible; 慈善団体 (jizen dantai) charity; 寄付する (kifu-) donate; 家畜 (kachiku) animal; 飼料 (shiryō) feed; 農業用 (nōgyōyō) farming; 堆肥 (taihi) compost; 使用 (shiyō) use; 義務付けられる (gimuzu-) forced to; 大型 (ōgata) large-sized; 契約 (keiyaku) contracts; 結ぶ (musu-) sign; 1人あたり (hitori-) per person; 年間 (nenkan) per year, annually; 捨てて (su-) throw away; コスト (kosuto) costing; 推定される (suitei-) estimated; 仏政府 (Futsu seifu) French government; 半減 (hangen) slice in half; 目指して (meza-) hoping to

Sample radio or television report

Furansu gikai-wa 5-gatsu 21-nichi, ōte sūpāmāketto-deno shokuhin haiki-no kinshi-o zenkai icchi-de kaketsu-shimashita. Toriwake, urenokotta shokuhin-no haiki shobun-o ihō-to shimasu. Shinpō-no moto-dewa, sūpā-wa shokuhin haiki-o fusegu taisaku-o toranakutewa naranakunari, urenokotta shokuhin-no-uchi mada taberareru-mono-ni-tsuite-wa, jizen dantai-ni kifu-o suru-ka, kachiku-no shiryō, moshikuwa nōgyōyō taihi-to-shite shiyō-suru-koto-ga gimuzukeraremasu. Subete-no ōgata-sūpā-wa, shokuhin-no kifu-o okonatteiru jizen dantai-to keiyaku-o musubanakute-wa narimasen. Furansujin-wa, hitoriatari nenkan 20 kiro kara 30 kiro-no shokuhin-o sutete-ori, sono kosuto-wa nenkan 200-oku yūro-to suitei saremasu. Futsu-seifu-wa 2025-nen madeni shokuhin haikibutsuryō-no hangen-o mezashite imasu.

Translation

France’s parliament voted unanimously on May 21 to ban food waste in big supermarkets, notably by outlawing the destruction of unsold food products. Under the new legislation, supermarkets will have to take measures to prevent food waste and will be forced to donate any unsold but still edible food goods to charity or for use as animal feed or farming compost. All large-sized supermarkets will have to sign contracts with a charity group to facilitate food donations. French people throw away between 20 to 30 kg of food per person per year costing an estimated 20 billion euros annually. The French government is hoping to slice food waste in half by 2025.

Conversation between acquaintances

A: Furansu-dewa saikin ōte sūpāmāketto-deno shokuhin haiki-o kinshi-suru hōan-ga zenkai icchi-de kaketsu shita sō-desu-ne.

(I heard that recently in France a bill passed unanimously to ban food waste in big supermarkets.)

B: Shinpō-no moto-dewa, sūpā-wa shokuhin haiki-o fusegu taisaku-o toranakutewa naranakunaru sō-desu-yo.

(Under the new legislation, supermarkets will have to take measures to prevent food waste.)

Conversation between a husband and wife

H: Furansujin-wa, hitoriatari nenkan 20 kiro kara 30 kiro-no shokuhin-o sutete-iru sō-da.

(French people throw away between 20 kg and 30 kg of food per person per year.)

W: Nante mottainai-n-de-shō.

(What a waste!)

(No. 1262)

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