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Sample newspaper article

11月20日に発表された研究によると、一般的な見方に反し、アメリカ人の大酒飲みでアルコール依存症になっているのはわずか10%だという。アメリカ疾病対策センターによると、大酒飲みのほとんどはアルコール依存症だと多くの人々が考えているが、医療専門家の間では長い間、この考えは正しくないのではと疑われてきたという。この研究では13万8100人ものアメリカ人のデータを分析し、大酒飲みの90%が、アルコール依存症の基準を満たしていないことが分かった。研究では、一週間にアルコールを女性で8杯以上、男性で15杯以上飲酒する人を大酒飲みとした。アルコール依存症の症状には、お酒をやめたり減らしたりできない、家族や仕事に問題が生じた後も飲み続けてしまうなどが含まれる。 (Nov. 21)

Words and phrases

発表された (happyō-) released; 研究 (kenkyū) study; 一般的な (ippanteki-) popular; 見方 (mikata) opinion; 反し (han-) contrary to; 大酒飲み (oozakino-) adults who drink too much;アルコール依存症 (arukōru isonshō) alcoholics; 多くの (oo-) many; 人々 (hitobito) people; 考えて (kanga-) think; 医療専門家 (iryō senmonka) medical specialists; 長い間 (naga-aida) long; 正しくない (tada-) incorrect; 疑われて (utaga-) suspected; 分析し (bunseki-) analyzed; 基準 (kijun) criteria; 満たしていない (mi-) fell short of; 分かった (wa-) found; 一週間 (isshūkan) one week; 女性 (josei) women; 杯 (hai/pai) drinks; 以上 (ijō) more than; 男性 (dansei) men; 飲酒する (inshu-) drink alcohol; 症状 (shōjō) signs ; お酒 (osake) alcohol; 辞めたり (ya-) stop; 減らしたり (he-) reduce; 家族 (kazoku) family; 仕事 (shigoto) work; 問題 (mondai) problems ; 生じた (shō-) causes; 飲み続けて (no-tsuzu-) continuing to drink; 含まれる (fuku-) include

Sample radio or television report

11-gatsu hatsuka-ni happyō-sareta kenkyū-ni yorimasuto, ippantekina mikata-ni hanshi, oozakenomi-no otona-de arukōru isonshō-ni natteiru-no-wa wazuka 10 pāsento-dato iukotodesu. Amerika Shitsubyō Taisaku Sentā-ni yorimasuto, oozakenomi-no hotondo-wa arukōru isonshō-dato ookuno hitobito-ga kangaeteimasu-ga iryō senmonka-no aida-de-wa nagai aida, kono kangae-wa tadashikunai-no-de-wa-to utagawaretekita-to iukotodesu. Kono kenkyū-de-wa, 13-man 8-sen-nin mono Amerikajin-no dēta-wo bunsekishi, oozakenomi-no 90-pāsento-ga arukōru isonshō-no kijun-wo mitashiteinai-koto-ga wakarimashita. Kenkyū-de-wa, isshūkan-ni arukōru-wo josei-de happai ijō, daisei-de 15-hai ijō inshu-suru hito-wo oozakenomi-to minashimashita. Arukōru isonshō-no shōjō-ni-wa, osake-wo yametari herashitari dekinai, kazoku-ya shigoto-ni mondai-ga shō-jita ato-mo nomitsuzukete shimau nado-ga fumumaremasu.

Translation

Contrary to popular opinion, only 10 percent of U.S. adults who drink too much are alcoholics, according to a study released on Nov. 20. While many people think that most heavy drinkers are alcoholics, medical specialists have long suspected that belief is incorrect, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that analyzed self-reported data from 138,100 U.S. adults. The study found that 90 percent of heavy drinkers fell short of the criteria for alcoholism. Women who have eight or more drinks per week and men who have 15 or more are considered heavy drinkers. Signs of alcoholism include an inability to stop or reduce drinking and continuing to drink even after it causes problems with family or work.

A conversation between acquaintances

A: Oozakenomi-de arukōru isonshō-ni natteiru-no-wa wazuka 10 pāsento-da sō-desu-yo. (I heard that only 10 percent of adults who drink too much are alcoholics.)

B: Hotondo-no oozakenomi-wa arukōru isonshō-dato omotte imashita. (I thought most heavy drinkers were alcoholics.)

A conversation between a husband and wife

H: Arukōru isonshō-no shōjō-ni-wa, osake-wo yametari herashitari dekinai-nado-ga fukumareru sō-da. (Signs of alcoholism seem to include an inability to stop or reduce drinking.)

W: Nomisugi-wa kenkō-ni yoku nai-wa. (Drinking too much isn’t good for your health.)

(No. 1236)

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