In 1961, Oxford archaeologists uncovered a pit at the site of Gen. Gnaeus Julius Agricola’s headquarters at Inchtuthil, the site of a Roman legionary fortress, in Scotland. Unsavory Caledonians had made his troops’ position untenable.

So the Romans decided to quit their empire’s northernmost outpost, though not before going to extraordinary efforts to ensure they left nothing behind that could aid their enemies.

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