Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972), more commonly known as M.C. Escher, is likely the most famous master of trompe l’oeil (trick-of-the-eye illusionism). A Dutch graphic artist, specializing in woodcuts, lithographs and mezzotints, Escher excelled in mathematically inspired depictions of impossible architecture and constructions. His imagery brought to life absurd spaces in a realistic manner, which separated his work from that of the Surrealists.
His complicated prints and fascination with the philosophy of science made Escher popular inspiration for artists, designers, architects and fashion designers, and his work continues to influence today.