The global strategic community has learned many lessons from the war in Ukraine since it began earlier this year.

Looking back at global politics since the conflict erupted in February, it is evident that geopolitical interest in Europe has not faded. Ukraine’s NATO membership debate was the latest for which Russia exerted significant effort to scale back and thus maintain its geopolitical advantage.

Although there were some differences depending on the characters of political leaders of the times, a deep-rooted inclination toward expansionism has always existed within Russian society.