One of the key questions in Japan’s present national security debate is how to manage China’s “predatory” geoeconomics. Where does Tokyo stand in crafting an effective economic security strategy?

Beijing has systematically integrated economic and financial instruments into its foreign policy with the objective of advancing its grand strategic ambitions. From the "Belt and Road" initiative to Made in China 2025, Beijing shrewdly incorporated geoeconomic tools of statecraft into its grand strategic thinking. China’s coercive economic maneuvering employs trade, investments, technology, internationalizing of currency and even weaponization of resource supply chains toward geopolitical ends.