Talks between the ruling and opposition parties on reform of the Lower House electoral system have made little headway. Lawmakers should feel a sense of urgency and give priority to quickly correcting the disparity in the value of votes between constituencies of different populations, before the next general election. To date, vote-value disparity remains so wide as to undermine the principle of equality under the Constitution.
The Liberal Democratic Party-New Komeito ruling alliance and the opposition parties — with the exception of the Japanese Communist Party and the Social Democratic Party — agree on the need to reduce the number of Lower House members under the current electoral system combining single-seat districts with proportional representation. But they remain far apart on how to accomplish this task.