OXFORD, England — Nigeria’s first attempt since independence in 1960 to transfer power from one civilian government to another has just ended — farcically. Indeed, the presidential election degenerated into a crude exercise in ballot rigging and voter intimidation.

As a result, the victory of Umaru Yar’Adua, the candidate of the ruling Peoples Democratic Party and President Olusegun Obasanjo’s handpicked successor, is now hotly disputed. The major opposition candidates — Muhammadu Buhari of the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP), Patrick Utomi of the African Democratic Party (ADP), Atiku Abubakar of the Action Congress (AC), and Orji Uzor Kalu of the Progressive Peoples Alliance (PPA) — reject the results and are calling on Nigerians to protest peacefully. Both local and Western election monitors have said that the poll fell far below acceptable standards.

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