To mark the ascension of the new Emperor, the government has declared an unprecedented 10-day Golden Week holiday from late April to early May, worrying investors who say a market shutdown could cause disruption and unsettle the yen.
With Crown Prince Naruhito scheduled to be crowned new Emperor on May 1, the government made the entire period from April 27 to May 6 a market holiday.
The extra-long Golden Week will represent the longest break ever for Japanese stocks and bonds.
Major financial centers rarely have such long shutdowns. U.S. financial markets closed for six days after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks in New York and Washington.
“It’s horrifying that we can’t trade for six business days. We’ve got to adjust our positions before the week. Hard to say exactly what I will do then, but I’ll probably have to make my position neutral before the holidays,” said Yasuo Sakuma, chief investment officer at Libra Investments.
Japan’s financial watchdog has told all financial institutions to alert customers about the possibility of turbulence in overseas markets during the shutdown, and to make sure their systems can cope with a flurry of activity before and after, documents obtained by Reuters showed.
During the extended Golden Week, the U.S. and U.K. central banks plan to hold policy meetings, and U.S. payroll data, along with GDP figures from the United States and the Eurozone and corporate earnings around the world, will also be released.
“In 10 days, we can be in a completely different world,” said a currency trader at a major Japanese bank.
Currency traders at the nation’s biggest banks and insurers, such as MUFG Bank, Sumitomo Mitsui Bank , Mizuho Bank and Nippon Life Insurance, are equipped to work either at home or in the office during the holidays, markets players say.
But they added it might be tougher to deal with more complex products, such as derivatives, as pricing them usually requires in-house terminals.
Fund managers meanwhile say they will probably need to bring their positions to neutral by late April to avoid exposure to market swings.
The break also could disrupt currency trading.
Speculators with a bullish view on the yen could take advantage of the extra long string of holidays to push up the yen, traders say.
The yen has strengthened against the dollar since early October on rising concerns about a global economic slowdown and the U.S.-China trade war.
“You can move the market more easily because of low market liquidity. So those who want to move market prices, like hedge funds, will likely do so during this holiday. Therefore, the most important point is that you have to be prepared for the risk of the yen’s rise,” said Kyoya Okazawa, Asia-Pacific head of institutional clients at BNP Paribas.
Japanese stocks will be more volatile after the holiday, he added.
“Let’s say the dollar falls from ¥100 to ¥90 during the holiday. Where should the Nikkei be after that? No one can tell exactly. It’s when no one has a clear idea that markets crash,” he said.
Okazawa also expects many investors will hedge such risk by buying options on dollar/yen and Japanese stocks, giving them rights, but not obligations, to trade.
“In 10 days, anything could happen. But it could go either way so you can’t afford to be out of the market,” said Bill Maldonado, global chief investment officer for equities at HSBC Global Asset Management.