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What would happen in a region ruled by France’s far right?


Marion Marechal-Le Pen, the niece of National Front leader Marine Le Pen and the French far right’s rising star, might well walk up the steps of the Cannes Film Festival next spring as leader of the region if she wins elections on Sunday.

The National Front (FN) pulled off a historic win last weekend, topping the vote in the first round of regional polls, a breakthrough that shook up the country’s political landscape before the 2017 presidential election.

If it wins one or more regions in Sunday’s runoff, that would be a first for the party, leaving the French public and much of the wider world to contemplate what would happen in a region ruled by the far right.

The anti-Europe, anti-immigration party certainly plans measures to please its grass-roots supporters. Regional subsidies to charities helping migrants would be axed, for example, and schools would be restricted in offering alternatives to pork in their canteens.

Marechal-Le Pen, who is more conservative than her aunt, has said she would scrap aid to family planning organizations.

The actions of FN politicians who became mayors last year might also offer clues — David Rachline took down the EU flag from the front of the town hall in Frejus, southeastern France, while Steeve Briois ended the practice of giving a rights group free use of municipal premises in Henin-Beaumont in the north.

But any changes are likely to be largely symbolic. The FN aims to use any regional wins as a platform in its quest for national power in 2017, so it will not seek to implement its national manifesto, but rather seek to prove it can responsibly govern large constituencies and offer stability.

“The keyword will be ‘pragmatism,’ not ‘ideology,'” Marine Le Pen told a last campaign rally on Thursday evening after opinion polls showed her party’s prospects have waned since the first round and that tactical voting could keep it out of power in its key target regions.

Since Le Pen took the FN over from her maverick ex-paratrooper father, Jean-Marie Le Pen, in 2011, she has strived to build a base of locally elected officials to help “de-demonize” the party and target the 2017 national elections.

“High schools will still be built, trains will still run, vocational training will still be carried out,” political analyst Joel Gombin, a specialist of the far right, said of the French regions’ main areas of responsibility.

“But to attract attention and strengthen their political hold, they are set to carry out symbolic decisions that cost nothing but are highly visible. They will stage the ‘FN against the system’ line,” he said.

While regional councils have no direct powers over France’s migration policy, the FN’s top candidates have said they would act the only way they can at the local level, by putting an end to subsidies for nongovernmental organizations that help migrants.

“It makes no sense economically that public money goes to help foreign workers and migrants in a region where unemployment is higher than national average,” Marechal-Le Pen said in an interview last month.

She said she would also scrap development aid subsidies and use the money to boost exports for French firms. Along the same lines, her aunt Marine’s electoral leaflets deride the northern France region’s financing of schools in Africa, calling them “unbelievable” examples of wasted money.

Marechal-Le Pen has also said she would stop subsidies to family planning charities, which she accuses of being politicized and of promoting abortion.

But while symbolically significant, such subsidies are but a small share of regional budgets. A detailed list of the subsidies handed out last year by the Provence-Alpes-Cotes-d’Azur region, where Marechal-Le Pen is the main FN candidate, shows about €68,000 ($75,000) of subsidies to three migrant workers’ associations. And about €190,000 went to NGOs that advise women on issues such as contraception and abortion. That is out of a total annual budget of around €2.2 billion for that region.

In the northern region where Le Pen is a candidate, for each €100 of the region’s budget this year, €65 go to transport, schools and vocational training, €5 to economic development, €5 to subsidies, €4 to culture and €2 to sports. The rest goes to various other projects.

Education Minister Najat Vallaud-Belkacem said this past week she was worried about what would happen to high schools if the FN won regional power. Regions have no power over the curriculum but are in charge of everything else, from maintaining buildings to organizing canteens.

Vallaud-Belkacem said she feared debates over school cafeteria food would resurface — the issue is whether alternatives should be offered when pork is on the menu — and worried that FN-led regions could discriminate against non-French children.

Le Pen’s 115-page-long program for the Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie region says French secularism would be “strictly implemented.” Schools that currently do not offer alternative menus should not introduce them, according to the plan. Those that do should only be allowed to continue doing so if there are “nutritional reasons,” it says, without elaborating.

But the FN will not go further than such steps, party officials and analysts said, as it is keen not to repeat the mistakes made in the 1990s, when illegal measures such as one municipality giving handouts only to European children were struck down by courts and damaged the party’s credibility.

“We will absolutely respect the law until we are in government at the national level and can change it,” said Marechal-Le Pen.

  • Tony Alderman

    Hopefully we’ll find out soon.