To counter China and South Korea, government to fund Japan studies at U.S. colleges



The Abe government has budgeted more than $15 million to fund Japan studies at nine universities overseas, including Georgetown and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as part of a “soft power” push to counter the growing influence of China and South Korea.

The program, the first time in over 40 years that Japan has funded such studies at U.S. universities, coincides with efforts by conservative Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s administration to address perceived biases in accounts of the wartime past — moves critics say are an attempt to whitewash history.

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Georgetown University in Washington will receive $5 million each from the Foreign Ministry’s budget for fiscal 2015, which has yet to be enacted, a Finance Ministry official said.

In addition, the Japan Foundation, set up by the government to promote cultural exchange, will allocate ¥25 million per school to six yet-to-be selected universities in the United States and elsewhere, the official said.

That comes on top of $5 million in an extra budget for fiscal 2014 for Japan studies at New York’s Columbia University, where Japan scholar Gerry Curtis will retire late this year.

“The Abe government has a sense of crisis that history issues concerning Japan . . . are not properly understood in the United States, and decided to make a contribution so that Japan research would not die out,” the Finance Ministry official said.

The official said Japanese diplomats will vet professors hired for the programs to ensure they are “appropriate.” However, a Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said there were no such conditions placed on the funding.

The Foreign Minister “is not placing any such condition as the GOJ’s (Government of Japan) inclusion in the selection procedure of a new scholar,” Takako Ito, the ministry’s assistant press secretary, said in an email.

Georgetown University and MIT declined comment on the funding, while Columbia University spokesman Brian Connolly told reporters by email: “As a matter of long-standing university policy, donors to Columbia do not vet or have veto power over faculty hiring.”

Many Japanese politicians and officials worry Japan has been outmaneuvered by the aggressive public diplomacy of China and South Korea.

After a decade of shrinking spending on public diplomacy, the Foreign Ministry won a total of ¥70 billion for strategic communications in an extra budget for fiscal 2014 and the initial budget for the next year from April, up from ¥20 billion in the initial fiscal 2014 budget.

Those funds are to be used for “soft power” initiatives such as the Japan studies programs at foreign universities and setting up “Japan House” centers to promote the “Japan Brand.”

But the government is also targeting wartime accounts by overseas textbook publishers and others that it sees as incorrect.

One such effort has already sparked a backlash from U.S. scholars, who protested a request by Japan’s government to publisher McGraw-Hill Education to revise a textbook’s account of “comfort women,” the euphemism used in Japan for those forced to work in Japanese wartime military brothels.

  • Liars N. Fools

    A big problem is the precipitous drop in the number of Japanese students in America. China is number one in absolute numbers, and Korea is number one in per capita terms (number three in absolute terms behind China and India).

    For better or worse American young people attitudes are influenced by interaction with their foreign peers and not merely some hired gun expert, regardless of their qualifications and expertise.

    • soudeska

      This is very true. In college I had dozens of Chinese and Korean, as well as Chinese-American and Korean-American classmates, but I can’t recall a single Japanese classmate. I met a few Japanese-American students through the Japanese language club but that was all.And this is a university of 25,000+ undergrads.

      • Manfred Deutschmann

        With the Japanese education system having its priority to turn people into “parts of the Borg” rather than thinking adults, it’s too hard for them to get to a level of English that makes it feasible to go to a US university. The whole culture is anti-foreign and speaking English too well will get you ostracised in Japan, so it is understandable that many people are discouraged to go against the grain and internationalise.

    • kension86

      > “A big problem is the precipitous drop in the number of Japanese students in America. ”

      That’s because Japan is a nice place to live in. Unlike China’s poor environment or Korea’s military draft.

      • left nut

        Studying in the US on a Visa does not exempt one from their obligations back home (aside from any medical reasons).

        Now, if they stay out of country until they are 35 or gave up their citizenship during the process they can avoid their service. However this does not speak for the female students, they have not military obligations.

        [EDIT] In reference to Koreans.

      • Jae Hwan Jung

        It actually can. If ones family is wealthy enough to support financially for his Ph.d degree or other degrees to postpone military service till 35, he gets exempted in the end. And many male gets exempted by using this method. Also, many koreans go to live in the US or Canada as their kids wont have to go to the military. Western education is subsidiary

      • left nut

        Yes, I did make mention of one being exempt after 35, but the “subsidiary” I would need to confirm. I have a (Korean) friend that did go back and served their time after growing up in Canada (never got citizenship, because their parents had diplomatic status). As well as some 2nd generation Korean friends (that are Canadian citizens by birth) that had to (some canceled the process to not go) do their time in the armed forced to get some special status visa (to which details I also do not know).

        Kenison86’s comment was pretty general, in regards to Korean’s going to the US to study was a means to dodge their military duties, and in tern so was my response.

      • Manfred Deutschmann

        Compared to China and Korea it may be nice, but it’s still pretty awful compared to the first world.

      • Jae Hwan Jung

        I agree. Japan is better to live in than the US. But as far as I know, the reason for Japanese not studying abroad is because they do not have motivation to become successful or well educated. y’know the “satori generation”

    • Guest

      That is because Japan is way better to live in than the US.

  • Manfred Deutschmann

    This is akin to throwing money away, because for this to work the US would have to implement the same kind of brain-washing by rote learning that the Japanese education system has.
    If you have a society whose members have been trained and are encouraged to think critically, efforts such as the ones described in the article will backfire and the exact opposite effect is the outcome.
    If Japan wanted to improve its image abroad then the best way would be to come clean and change its ways like Germany did. But that would probably mean that most of the Japanese political system would have to be scrapped. It’s not looking good.
    I do support such efforts though, because it is important for the planet’s future that the myth-based image of Japan as a pacifist country finally is replaced by a more realistic assessment in the foreign mind.

  • James Watdapak

    Japan doesn’t need to worry if China and SK had bigger influence on US schools… As long there’s Manga and Anime japan is still on the top