After the Boston Marathon bombings, people who spent six hours a day scouring media for updates were more traumatized than those who were there, a U.S. study suggested Monday.

The study raised questions about the impact of repeated exposure to violence via digital and traditional media in the first key terrorist attack on U.S. soil since Sept. 11, 2001.

The findings were based on a survey of 4,675 U.S. adults taken shortly after the deadly April 15 attacks and the frenzied five-day manhunt in which one suspect, Tamerlan Tsarnaev, was killed and his brother, Dzhokhar, was arrested.