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Leaders from Japan and the European Union plan to call on China to develop as “a responsible and constructive global partner” during their summit next week, according to a draft summit statement obtained by Kyodo News.

This entreaty may be viewed as criticism of China’s poor human rights record and its apparent tolerance of anti-Japanese rallies, some of them violent, that have taken place in Beijing and other Chinese cities recently.

Japan has demanded an apology and compensation from China for damage inflicted on Japanese diplomatic properties in China during the protests, which experts say violated the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. The convention calls for the protection of diplomatic establishments from any intrusion or damage.

Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi will also repeat Japan’s opposition to the lifting of the European Union’s arms embargo on China during Monday’s summit in Luxembourg with Luxembourgian Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker, whose country holds the rotating EU presidency, and European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso, the draft says.

Japan, along with the United States, has voiced concern that the lifting of the 16-year-old weapons trade ban, which France in particular wants to realize, could increase China’s military capability and threaten East Asian stability.

EU officials have also expressed concern regarding China’s enactment of a law authorizing the use of military force against Taiwan in the event Taipei declares independence, saying the law is an impediment to the lifting of the ban.

The EU imposed the ban after the 1989 crackdown on democracy protests in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square.

The Japanese and EU leaders will stress that “their strategic dialogue on East Asia’s security environment should be enhanced,” the draft says.

It shows Japan is demanding the leaders “encourage China to promote stable reforms and open policies,” while the EU prefers a softer approach.

On North Korea, the Japanese and EU leaders will urge the reclusive state to “completely dismantle all its nuclear programs” in a verifiable manner and return to six-party talks “expeditiously and without preconditions.”

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