Environment Agency Director General Yoriko Kawaguchi said Tuesday that financial and technical support for developing countries in tackling global warming is the key to ensuring the success of the upcoming sixth Conference of Parties to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP6).
Speaking at a press conference on last week’s unofficial ministerial meeting for COP6, Kawaguchi said, “There was stinging criticism of developed countries for providing insufficient technical and financial support to developing countries in tackling global warming, which was promised in the Kyoto Protocol.”
The unofficial meeting was held Wednesday and Thursday last week in the Netherlands, with ministers from 34 countries participating to generate momentum toward ratification of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol on greenhouse gas cuts.
At the meeting, participants urged Japan to propose concrete ideas on means of support to developing countries, Kawaguchi said.
Kawaguchi told reporters, “It is difficult for Japan to give financial support. We would like to discuss a mechanism of technical support in emission-reduction for those developing countries with other developed countries.”
Kawaguchi also noted moves among developed countries to seek a compromise on the amount of gas emissions to be allowed in the so-called emission-trade mechanism and measurements of natural absorption of the gases by trees.
The emission-trade mechanism allows countries that do not reach their reduction targets to purchase emission rights from states that can.
The Kyoto protocol legally obliges developed countries to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases by an average of 5.2 percent from 1990 levels by 2012.
COP6, to be held for 11 days from Nov. 13 in The Hague, the Netherlands, is expected to establish details for rules on the reduction of greenhouse gases, paving the way for the protocol’s ratification, but countries have yet to agree on the rules.
Issues expected to be placed on the COP6 agenda include the emission-trade mechanism and clean development mechanism, which were agreed on at the COP3 meeting in Kyoto.
The clean development mechanism enables nations to receive rights to continue to emit greenhouse gases in return for implementing emission-reduction programs in other countries.
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